spring cache整合redis实战

java Terry 96浏览 1评论

Spring-Cache是Spring3.1引入的基于注解的缓存技术,本质上它并不是一个具体的缓存实现,而是一个对缓存使用的抽象,通过Spring AOP技术,在原有的代码上添加少量的注解来实现将这个方法转成缓存方法的效果。

本来想来个分析源码,奈何水平有限,先从实战搞起。

先引入依赖:

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-data-redis</artifactId>
    <version>2.1.6.RELEASE</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>redis.clients</groupId>
    <artifactId>jedis</artifactId>
    <version>2.9.3</version>
</dependency>

redis配置:

server:
  port: 8000

spring:
  redis:
    host: 23.95.x.x
    port: 6379
    timeout: 20s
    database: 0
    jedis:
      pool:
        max-active: 5
        max-idle: 3
        max-wait: 5s
    password: testtest

配置类:

package me.yanand.config;

import org.springframework.cache.annotation.EnableCaching;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.data.redis.cache.RedisCacheConfiguration;
import org.springframework.data.redis.cache.RedisCacheManager;
import org.springframework.data.redis.connection.RedisConnectionFactory;
import org.springframework.data.redis.serializer.GenericJackson2JsonRedisSerializer;
import org.springframework.data.redis.serializer.RedisSerializationContext;
import org.springframework.data.redis.serializer.StringRedisSerializer;

import java.time.Duration;

@Configuration
@EnableCaching
public class RedisConfig{
  
    private Duration timeOut = Duration.ofMinutes(30);

    @Bean
    public RedisCacheManager cacheManager(RedisConnectionFactory redisConnectionFactory) {
        RedisCacheConfiguration config = RedisCacheConfiguration.defaultCacheConfig()
                //设置缓存超时时间 30分钟
                .entryTtl(timeOut)
                //设置key序列化方式
                .serializeKeysWith(RedisSerializationContext.SerializationPair.fromSerializer(new StringRedisSerializer()))
                //设置value序列化方式
                .serializeValuesWith(RedisSerializationContext.SerializationPair.fromSerializer(new GenericJackson2JsonRedisSerializer()))
                .disableCachingNullValues();
        return RedisCacheManager.builder(redisConnectionFactory).cacheDefaults(config).transactionAware().build();
    }

}

主要看@EnableCaching注解,这个注解引入了@Import(CachingConfigurationSelector.class),通过CachingConfigurationSelector把代理创建类、CacheInterceptor、CacheOperationSource、BeanFactoryCacheOperationSourceAdvisor注入到容器,spring通过CacheInterceptor拦截器拦截相关带有@Cacheable、@CacheEvict、@CachePut注解的方法并执行相关缓存操作。

CacheInterceptor相关源码:

@Nullable
private Object execute(final CacheOperationInvoker invoker, Method method, CacheOperationContexts contexts) {
  if (contexts.isSynchronized()) {
    CacheOperationContext context = contexts.get(CacheableOperation.class).iterator().next();
    //满足条件执行
    if (isConditionPassing(context, CacheOperationExpressionEvaluator.NO_RESULT)) {
      Object key = generateKey(context, CacheOperationExpressionEvaluator.NO_RESULT);
      Cache cache = context.getCaches().iterator().next();
      try {
          //这里主要看RedisCache的get方法
        return wrapCacheValue(method, cache.get(key, () -> unwrapReturnValue(invokeOperation(invoker))));
      }
      catch (Cache.ValueRetrievalException ex) {
        // The invoker wraps any Throwable in a ThrowableWrapper instance so we
        // can just make sure that one bubbles up the stack.
        throw (CacheOperationInvoker.ThrowableWrapper) ex.getCause();
      }
    }
    else {
      //不满足直接执行相关方法
      return invokeOperation(invoker);
    }
  }
  ...省略
}

RedisCache相关代码:

public synchronized <T> T get(Object key, Callable<T> valueLoader) {

    ValueWrapper result = get(key);
                //缓存中有值则返回
    if (result != null) {
      return (T) result.get();
    }
                //缓存中不存在则执行相关方法
    T value = valueFromLoader(key, valueLoader);
    put(key, value);
    return value;
  }

注解使用:

package me.yanand.dao;

import me.yanand.pojo.User;
import org.springframework.cache.annotation.CacheEvict;
import org.springframework.cache.annotation.Cacheable;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

@Component
public class UserDao {

    @Cacheable(cacheNames = "users",key = "#root.targetClass+#name", unless = "#result eq null")
    public User getUser(String name){
        return new User("张三",30);
    }

    @CacheEvict(cacheNames = "users", key = "#root.targetClass+#name")
    public void delUser(String name){

    }
}

测试:

postman201908

通过postman触发相关方法,现在我们连上redis查看缓存写入情况

redis

redis

这里我们看到key已经写入,过期时间也存在

现在我们删除缓存

postman

转载请注明:Terry's blog » spring cache整合redis实战

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